Ulex europaeus agglutinin (UEA I+II) is affinity purified consists of two hemagglutinins (UEA I and UEA II). The two lectins can be separated by salt or ethanol precipitation. Both have been sequenced and are homologous with each other, as well as homologous with other legume lectins of various specificities. Carbohydrate-binding peptides have been isolated for each lectin after peptidase digestion, and these peptides also exhibit homology with other such peptides. UEA I interacts specifically with blood group H type 2 antigen, which is expressed in individuals with type O blood and to a lesser degree in individuals with type A or B blood. UEA II is not blood group specific but the best inhibitors are the H type oligosaccharides.Alkaline phosphatase (AP) is conjugated to Ulex europaeus Lectin (UEA I+II) to show the binding of UEA I+II in many applications including Western blotting and ELISA. Alkaline phosphatase is a large protein (140 kDa) that catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphate groups from a substrate resulting in a colored or fluorescent product. The optimal enzymatic activity of this protein is between pH 8 and 10, and its reaction rate remains linear, improving sensitivity over time.