Maackia amurensis Lectin (MAA/MAL II) - AP (Alkaline Phosphatase)

Maackia amurensis Lectin (MAA/MAL II) - AP (Alkaline Phosphatase)

Price: Regular price $237.72

SKU#: 21511099-1

Product Description

        Maackia amurensis Lectin (MAA/MAL II) is an affinity purified, hemagglutinating lectin and can be used to detect O-linked glycans containing the trisaccharide Siaα2-3Galß1-3GalNAc. This lectin does not agglutinate one blood type more than another and agglutination can be inhibited by lactose at high concentrations. Although MAL I and MAL II are similar in size and structure, this lectin exhibits more hemagglutinating ability than MAL I.

            This lectin is used in a plethora of research. It has been exhibited that MAA inhibits oral squamous cell carcinoma growth and motility by decreasing activity of the JAK-STAT, TGFβ-SMAD, and Wnt-βCTN signaling pathways. MAA has been used to study Turkey adenovirus 3 activity, leaving evidence that the virus has attachment receptors that are both α2,3-linked and α2,6-linked sialic acids. As a sialic acid binding lectin, MAA has been used to observe content of sialic acid in seminoma testicular tissue, revealing that sialic acids may have roles in seminoma development by promoting invasiveness, as well as cross-talk between cancer-cells and the surrounding stroma and vessels. In novel SARS-CoV-2 research, it has been shown that MAA targets the ACE2 receptor, thus decreasing glycosylation and expression. As a result, the spike protein binding is suppressed, and inflammatory mediators have decreased expression. MAA II was shown to inhibit bluetongue virus infection and growth in sheep cells, showing the key functionality of sialic acid as a receptor for viral entry for the virus that affects domestic animals and has a high economic impact. In cholangiocarcinoma research, MAA II positive staining to sialylated glycans revealed elevated levels of glycans in the carcinomic cells over the hyperplastic/dysplastic and normal bile ducts. The same study used the lectin results to suggest that sialylation is involved in 5-fluorouracil resistance development.

             Alkaline phosphatase (AP) is conjugated to Maackia amurensis Lectin (MAA/MAL II) to show the binding of MAA/MAL II in many applications including Western blotting and ELISA. Alkaline phosphatase is a large protein (140 kDa) that catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphate groups from a substrate resulting in a colored or fluorescent product. The optimal enzymatic activity of this protein is between pH 8 and 10, and its reaction rate remains linear, improving sensitivity over time.

bioWORLD's products are supplied for LABORATORY RESEARCH USE ONLY. The product may not be used as a drug, agricultural or pesticidal product, food additive or as a household chemical




  • Source: Maackia amurensis (Amur maackia)
  • Carbohydrate Specificity: Siaα2-3Galß1-3GalNAc
  • Inhibitory Carbohydrate: Lactose
  • Divalent Ions Required: None
  • Mitogenic Activity: Yes
  • Conjugation: AP

Storage and Stability:

Store frozen at -20°C in amber vials or covered with foil in appropriate aliquot sizes. Avoid freeze thaw cycles. Can be stored at 2-8°C for short term use.



Technical Specifications

Abbreviation: MAA/MAL II
Material Source:: Amur maackia
Conjugate:: Alkaline Phosphatase (AP)
Concentration:: 2 mg/mL
Shelf Life:: 1 year
Blood Group Specificity:: Non-specific
Preferred Sugar Specificity:: Siaα2-3Galβ1-3GalNAc
Inhibiting or Eluting Sugar:: Human Glycophorin
Divalent Ions:: None Required
Mitogenic Activity:: Yes
Lyophilized or Liquid: Liquid
Storage Temperature:: -20°C
Hazardous Shipping:: Non-hazardous



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