Griffonia simplicifolia lectin (GSL I+II) is affinity puritied from a woody climbing shrub native to Africa. It consists of both lectins GSL I+II. GSL I+II shows specificity for blood group B greater than blood group A1.
This lectin interacts with pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells, but does not readily interact with pulmonary arterial endothelial cells. This binding pattern has been successfully utilized to enrich cell populations in vitro that possess functional behaviors characteristic of those seen in vivo.
Texas Red is a red-fluorescent dye and when bound to Griffonia simplicifolia Lectin (GSL I+II) can show the binding pattern of this lectin in cellular imaging applications. There is very little overlap between the emission spectra of Texas Red and FITC making this combination ideal for dual-labeling experiments. Rhodamine dyes, such as Texas Red, are more photostable and less sensitive to pH change when compared to other dyes such as fluorescein.