Maackia amurensis Lectin (MAA/MAL I) is a leukoagglutinating lectin isolated from Maackia amurensis seeds and purified by affinity chromatography. MAA I can be used to detect N-linked glycans containing the trisaccharide Siaα2-3Galß1-4GlcNAc. This lectin does not agglutinate one blood type more than another and agglutination can be inhibited by sialyllactose or lactose at higher concentrations. Although MAA I and MAA II are similar in size and structure, this lectin is a more potent mitogen and exhibits less hemagglutinating ability than MAA II.
Colloidal gold can be used to visualize localization of specific saccharide moieties and examine the distribution of plasma membrane glycoproteins based on the binding pattern of Maackia amurensis Lectin (MAA/MAL I). Colloidal gold labeled lectins can be viewed via electron microscopy.